Wednesday, November 14, 2012
Château Léoville-Poyferré, Chateau Le Crock, Didier Cuvelier in Bordeaux and the Cuvelier Los Andes Wines in Argentina
I recently had the honor and pleasure to tour with Didier Cuvelier his Château Léoville-Poyferré, taste his wines and eat lunch with him at Château Léoville-Poyferré. This posting goes beyond Château Léoville-Poyferré and tries to provide an overview about the history, the activities and the wines of the Cuvelier family.
The Cuvelier Family in the North of France, in Bordeaux and in Argentina
The story begins in 1804 when Henri Cuvelier set out to share his great passion for fine wine with his friends of the grand bourgeoisie residing in the rich and dynamic towns of the North of France, including Lille, Boulogne Sur Mer, Arras, and Valenciennes. To this aim, he created Maison de Négoce de Vins Henri Cuvelier in Haubourdin, a wine merchant company whose success continued to develop throughout the 19th century.
100 years later, at the beginning of the 20th century, Paul Cuvelier and his young brother Albert, decided to purchase top quality estates in the Bordeaux area. They bought Château Le Crock in 1903, then Château Camensac in 1912 and finally the prestigious Château Léoville Poyferré as well as Chateau Moulin Riche in 1920.
In 1947, Max Cuvelier, under the instructions of his associates, opened a second Wine Merchant company in Bordeaux, moving nearer to the family properties.
Two of Max Cuvelier’s children have taken over the family’s activities in Bordeaux: Didier Cuvelier has been running Chateau Leoville Poyferre, Chateau Moulin-Riche and Chateau Le Crock since 1979 and Olivier Cuvelier has been managing the Wine Merchant company H. Cuvelier and Fils in Bordeaux since 1985.
The Haubourdin wine merchant company was sold in 2002. The name has remained unchanged and it continues to distribute the Cuvelier estates wines.
In 1998, the Cuvelier family started to branch out to Argentina. Bertrand Cuvelier accompanied Michel Rolland in his great Argentine project, which was to become the« Clos de Los Siete »group. Three years later, Jean-Guy Cuvelier decided to join his cousin Bertrand in the joint aim of building a Winery and producing fine wines worthy of the family tradition. Since then, the Winery has been built and each year the vines of Cuvelier Los Andes have contributed 50% of their production to « Clos de Los Siete », the wine signed by Michel Rolland. The success of this wine is worldwide due to the exceptional value for money it offers.
Château Léoville - Poyferré, Barton and Las-Cases
The Cuvelier family bought Château Léoville-Poyferré – one of the 3 Léoville estates that currently exist - in 1920.
The 3 Léoville chateaux are the result of vast property broken up a long time ago. But up until the French Revolution, Léoville was the largest Médoc wine-growing property.
The story of the 3 Léoville estates go back to 1638. At the time, the estate was called Mont-Moytié, named after its founder, Jean de Moytié. Domaine Mont-Moytié remained in the family for almost 100 years. It is through the marriage of one of the Moytié women that the estate passed into the hands of Blaise Antoine Alexandre de Gascq, who was the seigneur of Léoville and a president of the Bordeaux parliament.
The groundwork for the split was laid in 1769, when Blaise Antoine Alexandre de Gascq died without an obvious heir. As a consequence the Léoville estate was inherited by four family members. One of them was the Marquis de Las-Cases-Beauvoir. One quarter was sold off by the four heirs. A number of years later, in 1826, this part of Léoville estate was purchased by Hugh Barton and became Château Léoville Barton.
The other three quarters remained in the family. This was the state of affairs when the Marquis was succeeded in 1815 by his son, Pierre-Jean and his daughter, Jeanne. Pierre-Jean inherited what is now Château Léoville Las Cases, whilst the portion that came to Jeanne was passed onto her daughter, who married Baron Jean-Marie de Poyferré; this is the part that is today Château Léoville-Poyferré.
Although the estate bears the name of the Poyferré family to this day, it was not in their ownership for a long time. But it was under the ownership of the Poyferré family when the estate was classified as a deuxième cru in 1855 (as were the Barton and Las-Cases estates).
In 1865 Château Léoville-Poyferré was purchased by Baron d'Erlanger and Armand Lalande, bankers and local courtiers. The Lalande family, and later through marriage also the Lawton family, were in charge of Château Léoville-Poyferré until after World War I had passed. The Cuvelier family bought Château Léoville-Poyferré in 1920.
While the vineyards were separated, the buildings remained connected, just as they are today.
Didier Cuvelier and Château Léoville Poyferré
In the beginning, the Cuveliers did not operate their chateaux themselves. Roger Delon, one of the owners of Chateau Leoville Las Cases was the first to manage Chateau Léoville-Poyferré. This changed in 1979 with the accession of Didier Cuvelier, who at 26 became the first member of his family to take charge of Leoville Poyferre, along with Moulin Riche and Le Crock. Didier Cuvelier put Leoville Poyferre on the map of wine lovers all over the world. Didier Cuvelier trained as a chartered accountant before passing the DUAD (a university diploma in wine tasting) in 1976.
When he arrived in 1979, Didier Cuvelier embarked on an extensive program of renovation in the vineyard. Having previously been strong on Merlot, under the direction of Didier Cuvelier the proportion of Cabernet Sauvignon more than doubled, from 30% to its current figure of 65%, the balance being 25% Merlot, 8% Petit Verdot and 2% Cabernet Franc. The vineyard area now totals 80 hectares, compared with 48 hectares in 1979.
In 2010, the vat rooms were completely renovated. 10 large vats were replaced with 20 new, stainless steel double skin vats with a capacity from 60 hectoliters to 165 hectoliters.
The grand vin is Château Léoville-Poyferré (20000 cases). Typically the oak is 75% new each year. Wines produced from the plots once belonging to Château Moulin Riche (17000 cases) are vinified completely in cuve, before transfer into a mix of new and one-year-old barrels. The second wine is Pavillon de Poyferré.
Château Le Crock
The first purchase made by the Cuvelier family was their property in St. Estephe, Chateau Le Crock in 1903.
Today the vineyards of Château Le Crock cover a total of 32.5 hectares and touch two of the most prestigious châteaus of the appellation, Château Cos d’Estournel and Château Montrose.
The vines are 60% Cabernet Sauvignon, 25% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Franc and 5% Petit Verdot.
In the (annulled) 2003 Classification, it was a Cru Bourgeois Superieur. The 2010 Chateau Le Crock qualified for the Cru Bourgeois Label.
Chateau Moulin Riche
Chateau Moulin Richewas bought in 1920 by the Cuvelier family. In 2003, it was incorporated in the Chateau Léoville-Poyferré vineyards.
The Cuvelier Los Andes Wines in Argentina
In 1998, the Cuvelier family started to branch out to Argentina.
With the 2005 harvest, Cuvelier Los Andes S.A., aside from its significant contribution to «Clos de Los Siete», can now present three wines, produced with the help and advice of Michel Rolland: Coleccion - Grand Vin - Grand Malbec. Will the Argentine cousins rival in the future with the fine wines of Bordeaux?
In 1998, oenologist Michel Rolland and Jean-Michel Arcaute decided to go into business. The proposition involved Argentina - a country that offered space, the possibility to plant without restriction and the potential to produce a quality wine from fine soil at an excellent price.
Their arguments were strong enough to unite seven investors, who were themselves all wine-growers, to the remarkable viticulture project in the province of Mendoza: Catherine Péré-Vergé, owner of Château Monviel at Pomerol; Laurent Dassaut, owner at Saint-Emilion; Bertrand Otto, representative of La Compagnie Vinicole E. Rotschild; and Bertrand and Jean-Guy Cuvelier.
Clos de los Siete is an ambitious project, five state of the art wineries, up to 2,000 acres of vineyards, $60 million in investment, all with the aim to produce some of Argentina's greatest wines.
Same Name, but not same Family: Clos Fourtet (Premier Grand Cru Classé St Emilion) and Château Poujeaux (Cru Bourgeois Moulis) - Philippe and Matthieu Cuvelier
Panos Kakaviatos recently hosted several winemaker dinners with both Didier Cuvelier and Matthieu Cuvelier present.
Panos Kakaviatos, Chef Jörg Döpfner, Harry H. Hochheimer, Matthieu Cuvelier, Annette Schiller and Didier Cuvelier in Frankfurt, Germany
The latter was presenting the wines of Clos Fourtet (Premier Grand Cru Classé B St Emilion) and Château Poujeaux (Moulis). In the 2003 classification of Cru Bourgeois wines (later annulled), Château Poujeaux was one of just nine to be placed in the highest category, Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels.
Philippe Cuvelier (formerly of Papeteries Guilbert) bought Clos Fourtet from the Lurton family in 2001. In 2008, he acquired Chateau Poujeaux from the Theil family for a sum thought to be about €45 million.
Philippe Cuvelier, a Parisian businessman who made his fortune running Papeterie Gilbert, a paper and office supplies company, is not related to Didier Cuvelier. Mattheu Cuvelier is his son.
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